Parenting from Ages 4 to 5

We’ve talked a lot about developing children’s brains by helping them explore, learn and play. As parents and caregivers, we try to protect those brains from injury – by wearing helmets and using car seats correctly, for example.

As part of healthy and active play, injuries still happen. Concussions are one type of more serious head and brain injury that can happen when kids play sports, even if they’re wearing protective gear. If your child gets hit or receives a blow to the head, they could have a concussion. Signs include confusion, headache, dizziness, seeing stars or sleepiness. If this happens, your child should stop playing, rest immediately and see the doctor that day. Without proper management, a concussion can cause permanent problems.

For organized sports in your area, visit your local Parks and Recreation department:

Your checklist for 4 to 5 years

✓ For children ages 4 and up, screen time should be limited to no more than 2 hours per day. Less is better!

✓ Ensure your child accumulates at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity daily

✓ Help your child develop good sleep habits with a total rest time of 10 to 12 hours per night

✓ Continue to help your child build resilience – the skills that will help them deal with life’s twists and turns

✓ Book an appointment for your child’s next set of immunizations between their fourth and sixth birthdays

  • Record these shots on their yellow immunization record card, and make sure they’re reported to Public Health. You’ll need an accurate record when they start school.

Local activities

Get out and connect with your community!  Check out these sites for local activities such as parades, farmers markets, museums, and shows:

If you live in Guelph, you probably have a Neighbourhood group. Find supports and services specific to your neighbourhood by searching the map.

Museums often have family-friendly activities and events. Find out what’s on at a museum close to you:


  • Here4Kids: Call to speak with a service coordinator about linking to servies for challenges relating to talking, moving, learning, playing, development and behavior. Call 1-844-4KIDS-11 (1-844-454-3711)
  • Health811: A registered nurse can answer your health questions 24-hours a day, seven days a week for free. Call 1-866-797-0000.

Looking forward?

Thank you for reading! We hope you’ve learned a little bit about positive parenting and nurturing your child’s growth and development. We hope you’ll connect with Public Health in the future for:

We hope you’ll stay in touch!