Follow-up Investigation

Policy

Category: Rabies
Subject: Follow-up Investigation
Division: N/A
Policy Number: CA.81.01.103
Effective Date: Feb. 1996

POLICY STATEMENT

It is the policy of Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph Public Health that the Public Health Inspector shall ensure that a dog or cat involved in an animal to human contact which could result in the transmission of rabies shall be confined and isolated (quarantined) for at least 10 days according to Ontario Regulation 557/90 – Communicable Diseases – General.

APPROVED BY

Rob Thompson 


Procedure

Category: Rabies
Subject: Follow-up Investigation
Division: N/A
Procedure Number: CA.81.02.103
Effective Date: Feb. 1996

PROCEDURE

  1. In the case of a bite or scratch by a dog or cat, the Public Health Inspector (PHI) shall contact the person responsible for the animal and advise the person to place the animal in quarantine.  The PHI shall contact the person exposed and notify them of the quarantine procedures.  The PHI will provide rabies information as needed.
  2. If the PHI cannot reach the person responsible for the animal within 24 – 48 hours, a form letter is to be sent out Quarantine Not Possible (HPDRAB(L)1), to the person exposed while the PHI continues his/her efforts to reach the person responsible.  At the same time, form letter Owner of Cat/Dog (HPDRAB(L)2), should be sent out to the owner of the animal, if known. If the animal is a stray contact the area animal control officer and/or police services for assistance in finding the animal.
  3. The animal must be quarantined in a suitable place for a period of 10 days from the date of the incident.  A suitable location for quarantine will be at the place of residence of the person caring for the dog or cat.  This is acceptable provided that:
  • The PHI approves the quarantine facilities; and
  • In the opinion of the PHI, the owner will comply with the quarantine.
  1. In cases where the animal owner is not known or the animal is a stray and the person exposed has possession of the animal, they may be asked to temporarily confine the animal if the above criteria are met. Otherwise, the animal is to be quarantined in the local animal control facilities or veterinary clinic.
  2. In cases where the animal owner fails to suitably quarantine the animal, an order may be issued under the Health Protection and Promotion Act and direction given to animal control to seize the animal.
  3. The PHI shall ensure the person responsible for the animal signs the Rabies Home Quarantine Contract (HPDRAB(F)3) and provides them with a copy.
  4. The animal is to be observed by the PHI at the beginning and at the end of the 10-day quarantine period and as often as deemed necessary.  If the animal appears healthy, it should be released from quarantine at the end of the 10-day period.
  5. If animal and owner reside outside of the Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph area and the person exposed is within our jurisdiction, contact the appropriate public health unit office and refer report.
  6. To quarantine exotic or valuable animals, the PHI should check with the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care for the latest recommendations.  For example, ferrets can be quarantined for 10 days from the date of the incident.

 

APPROVED BY

Rob Thompson